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全球节能市场每年规模达3100亿美元

Global energy saving market worth at least $310bn a year

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核心提示:新数据显示,LED照明、清洁汽车发动机以及智能冰箱在全球的大幅增加,帮助缔造了一个每年规模至少为3100亿美元的节能市场。
 全球节能市场每年规模达3100亿美元

新数据显示,LED照明、清洁汽车发动机以及智能冰箱在全球的大幅增加,帮助缔造了一个每年规模至少为3100亿美元的节能市场。
根据国际能源署(International Energy Agency)的一份报告,更为环保的产品正开始对很多国家的能源消耗产生巨大影响。
在该报告调查的18个国家(包括美国、日本、韩国和英国)中,2001年至2011年,终端能源消耗量减少5%,大多是源于能源效率方面的投资。
但能效提高影响最大的领域是家庭领域,从2001年起,能效提高使得家庭能源消耗量下滑了5%。
在接受调查的多数国家中,对电冰箱和洗衣机等白色家电的需求增速不如以前,这些家电在用电方面变得更为智能。
此消彼长,电视、智能手机、个人电脑和其他设备的数量增多,消耗的能源也比以往更多。
不过一些相关政策的推行也在帮助节约能源,这些政策鼓励用更节能的灯泡(例如节能灯和LED灯)取代较为古老的白炽灯。
日本和美国的科学家本周因发明LED技术共同获得2014年诺贝尔物理学奖,这种技术让LED灯遍布全世界。
另一个推动能效提高的因素是燃料经济标准,这些标准覆盖全球70%的轻型乘用车市场。
国际能源署表示,这些标准的更广泛应用,预计将令适用此标准汽车的投资在至少未来5年内达到每年800亿美元,燃料成本将节约400亿美元至1900亿美元。
这是国际能源署就能源效率举措撰写的第二份年度报告,也是一项旨在控制二氧化碳排放的潜在努力,科学家将二氧化碳排放的增加视作气候变化的根源。
这份最新报告发现,与能源效率有关的金融市场规模已达到每年1200亿美元,企业环保债券和气候金融计划等产品在增多。
国际能源署能源效率和环境部门主管、该报告合作作者菲利普•贝努瓦(Philippe Benoit)表示,尽管能源效率投资总额现在每年至少为3100亿美元,但需要投入更多资金将二氧化碳排放量降至科学家认为可避免气候变化危险的水平。
他表示:“我们估计,未来20年,我们平均每年需要约6000亿美元的投资。”
(更多全球资讯请浏览中国进出口网)
Global energy saving market worth at least $310bn a year

A surge in LED lighting, cleaner car engines and smarter fridges round the world has helped create an energy saving market worth at least $310bn a year, new figures suggest.
The greener products are also starting to have a measurable impact on the amount of energy used in many countries, according to a report by the International Energy Agency.
Among 18 countries studied in the report, including the US, Japan, Korea and the UK, final energy use fell 5 per cent between 2001 and 2011, mostly because of investments in energy efficiency.
But improved efficiency is having some of the biggest impact in people’s homes, wher it is entirely responsible for pushing down energy use 5 per cent from 2001.
In most of the countries studied, demand for white goods such as refrigerators and washing machines is not growing as fast as it was, while these appliances are getting smarter at using electricity.
This is being offset in some instances by televisions, smart phones, personal computers and other devices that are growing in size and using more energy.
But energy is still being saved by the introduction of policies encouraging the replacement of older incandescent light bulbs with more efficient lighting such as compact fluorescent lightbulbs and LED lighting.
Scientists in Japan and the US were awarded the Nobel Prize for physics this week for inventing the light emitting diode technology that has enabled the spread of LED lights round the world.
Another big driver of improved energy use is fuel economy standards, which cover 70 per cent of a global market for light-duty passenger vehicles.
The growth of standards is expected to drive $80bn a year of investment in these types of vehicles for at least the next five years, the IEA says, saving between $40bn and $190bn in fuel costs.
This is the second annual report the IEA has written on energy efficiency measures, which are among the less visible efforts at stemming the growth of carbon dioxide emissions scientists blame for climate change.
One finding in the latest report is that the financial market for energy efficiency has reached $120bn a year as products such as corporate green bonds and climate finance initiatives proliferate.
While the overall amount of investment in energy efficiency is now at least $310bn a year, even more needs to be spent to bring down carbon emissions to the point scientists say will avoid potentially dangerous climate change, said report co-author, Philippe Benoit, head of the IEA’s energy efficiency and environment division.
“We estimate that on average we need about $600bn a year of investment over the next 20 years,” he said.(更多全球资讯请浏览中国进出口网)

 

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